Many of the world’s most essential medicines are wholly or partly developed in academic laboratories. Their accessibility to the poor in developing countries is profoundly affected by the research, licensing and patenting decisions made by universities.

As members of these institutions of higher learning, we believe that universities have an opportunity and a responsibility to improve access to affordable medicines–particularly those they have helped develop–throughout the world.

Nursing Education and Careers
Nursing as a career has a lot to offer, as it is challenging, interesting, and rewarding all at the same time. Nurses get the opportunity to work in a wide variety of settings such as doctor’s offices, hospitals, and patient’s homes. They also interact with people of different ages and backgrounds. They require some specific skills and attitude to successfully work and grow in the field of nursing. Generally, nurses need to be empathetic, caring, and dedicated to helping people. Besides, nurses need to be great communicators and active listeners to perform their duties effectively.

Nursing Education
A number of nursing programs are available for students to meet their individual needs. Following are some of the key programs offered to begin a nursing career:

LPN or LVN Programs
It takes around one year to complete the Licensed Vocational Nurse (LVN) or a Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN) program. Many colleges offer LPN or LVN programs throughout the country. Normally, these programs do not have any prerequisites. However, some nursing schools may ask students to submit the test scores for SAT, TOEFL or ACT. The nurses who have completed LPN or LVN programs are able to provide basic healthcare to patients. They are typically required to monitor patients and check their vital signs. LPNs must clear a national licensing exam in order to be certified by the state.

Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN)
To complete an Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN), students need to spend fifteen months to two years. This program is available at many community colleges throughout the country. Students need to complete certain pre-requisite classes to enroll in the program. The degree program focuses on the technical skills needed by nurses in various healthcare settings. Major responsibilities of an ADN nurse include educating, treating, and providing emotional support to patients and their families. ADN nurses are required to pass the national licensing exam called NCLEX-RN to work as a Registered Nurse.

Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN)
The Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) normally takes four years to complete. It is available at many colleges and universities throughout the country. With the degree, nursing graduates acquire knowledge and skills to work in a variety of healthcare settings. Some BSN programs also include a clinical residency, so that the students can make a smooth transition toward a nursing career. Advanced level nursing positions demand candidates to have at least a BSN degree. Nurses having a BSN are likely to have better career opportunities and more salary than those with an ADN. However, the starting pay for ADN and BSN nurses may not be too different.

Accelerated BSN Programs
Accelerated BSN programs are for those students who have previously acquired a nursing degree. It is considered to be the quickest route for a Registered Nurse career, and normally takes 12 to 18 months. These programs are quite competitive and have a fast paced learning environment. Students receive a Bachelor of Science Degree in Nursing once they complete the program and they are also prepared to take the NCLEX-RN exam.

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)
Master of Science in Nursing is an advanced level degree which includes a number of disciplines such as Pediatric Nurse Practitioner, Nurse Educator, Women’s Health Nurse Practitioner, and Adult Nurse Practitioner. The core curriculum of MSN normally includes leadership skills to positively influence healthcare organizations and principles related to policy making in healthcare.

Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA) program 
The Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA) program normally takes 24 to 48 months to complete. Major areas covered by the program include administering anesthesia techniques, theory, and application of knowledge to different clinical problems. Nurses with a CRNA specialization may possible earn one of the highest salaries offered in the nursing profession.

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) 
Doctor of Nursing Practice(DNP) is now replacing many MSN programs. DNP are doctoral programs that focus on practice. They prepare students to acquire expertise in advance practice nursing.  The coursework enables students to gain advanced competencies for complex roles in practice and leadership. Students normally require 18 to 30 months to complete the DNP program.

Online Nursing Education
Working students and professionals who do not have the luxury to attend a campus based nursing program can now select an online nursing program. Accredited online nursing programs offer the same curriculum as that of a campus based program, however, there is a greater degree of flexibility. Online programs in nursing may also include a clinical portion that you would need to complete at a nearby hospital or clinic. Besides, online programs can be accessed from anywhere and at anytime, as long as students have access to a computer and an internet connection. With online programs, students can also cut down their education costs, as they do not incur travelling or boarding costs.

Career Prospects
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), employment of Registered Nurses is likely to increase at a rate of 19 percent between 2012 and 2022, which is much more than the average growth of all occupations. Growth in the healthcare sector will occur due to the aging population. Nurses will be required to educate and take care of patients going through chronic conditions such as diabetes, obesity, arthritis, and dementia. Due to the federal health insurance reform, more people will have access to healthcare facilities, and more nurses will be required to provide healthcare services.